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Top 10 Retailers in India
chillibreeze writer — Pooja Teckchandani
Miss D'souza rubs her nose as her specks annoy her; she calls out to Shanta Bhai. “I am leaving for work; please make sure you do the vegetable shopping today, as I will be getting late.”
Shanta Bhai mutters & just nods. “Oh god, I will have to go and bargain with these bhajiwala’s because madam is so particular about the price.” Then she realized actually it’s not such a bad thing, a new supermarket is open nearby. “I’ll go there, roam in the mall and also shop in convenience of AC and no bargaining also. Grocery shopping will actually be fun!”
In the supermarket, she realized they had good price bargains and was thrilled. She was going to earn some brownie points with Ms D'souza for purchasing at such cheap rates.
Our very own Shanta Bhai signifies the Indian consumer of today who wants the right price, ambience and good quality all under one roof. The lifestyle and mindset-change of the Indian customer has led to a spur in the retail industry with the total private consumption in 2006 clocking Rs.20,000 billion according to the Indian Retail Report 2007. Cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, New Delhi, Hyderabad, and Pune have around 40 malls as of today, which is expected to touch 250 by 2010 (KPMG report).
The Indian retail industry is valued at $270 billion, with organised retail cornering 4.5 %. The organized pie is expected to see a growth at a CAGR of 37 % (India Retail Report 2007)
Source: India Retail Report
1. Pantaloon Retail:
It is headquartered in Mumbai with 450 stores across the country employing more than 18,000 people. It can boast of launching the first hypermarket Big Bazaar in India in 2001. An all-India retail space of 5 million sq. ft. which is expected to reach 30 mn by 2010. It is not only the largest retailer in India with a turnover of over Rs. 20 billion but is present across most retail segments - Food & grocery (Big bazaar, Food bazaar), Home solutions (Hometown, furniture bazaar, collection-i), consumer electronics (e-zone), shoes (shoe factory), Books: music & gifts (Depot), Health & Beauty care services (Star, Sitara and Health village in the pipeline), e-tailing (Futurbazaar.com), entertainment (Bowling co.)
One of their recent innovations include e-commerce’ hybrid format of ’small’ shops, the area for these stores will be 150 sq. ft. fitted with 40 digital screens. Customers will be encouraged to browse through the entire range of products on digital screen. They will be able to place the order, the delivery of which will be arranged by the shop to their homes within a few hours
2. K Raheja Group
They forayed into retail with Shopper’s Stop, India’s first departmental store in 2001. It is the only retailer from India to become a member of the prestigious Intercontinental Group of Departmental Stores (IGDS). They have signed a 50:50 joint venture with the Nuance Group for Airport Retailing. Shoppers Stop has 7, 52, 00 sq ft of retail space with a turnover of Rs 6.75 billion.
The first Hypercity opened in Mumbai in 2006 with an area of 1, 20,000 sq. ft. clocking gross sales of Rs. 1 bn in its first year.
Crossword brand of book stores, Homes stop a store for home solutions, Mothercare a concept stocking merchandise related to childcare are also owned by them. Recently, Raheja’s have signed an MoU with the Home Retail Group of UK to enter into a franchise arrangement for the Argos formats of catalogue & internet retailing.
The group has announced plans to establish a network of 55 hypermarkets across India with sales expected to cross the US$100 million mark by 2010.
3. Tata group:
Established in 1998, Trent - one of the subsidiaries of Tata Group - operates Westside, a lifestyle retail chain and Star India Bazaar - a hypermarket with a large assortment of products at the lowest prices. In 2005, it acquired Landmark, India's largest book and music retailer. Trent has more than 4 lakh sq. ft. space across the country. Westside registered a turnover of Rs 3.58 mn in 2006.
Tata’s has also formed a subsidiary named Infiniti retail which consists of Croma, a consumer electronics chain. It is a 15000-17000 sq. ft. format with 8 stores as of September 2007.
Another subsidiary, Titan Industries, owns brands like “Titan”, the watch of India has 200 exclusive outlets the country and Tanishq, the jewellery brand, has 87 exclusive outlets. Their combined turnover is Rs 6.55 billion.
Trent plans to open 27 more stores across its retail formats adding 1.5 mn sq ft of space in the next 12 DLF malls.
One of the first entrants into organised food & grocery retail with Foodworld stores in 1996 and then formed an alliance with Dairy farm International and launched health & glow (pharmacy & beauty care) outlets. Now the alliance has dissolved and RPG has Spencer’s Hyper, Super, Daily and Express formats and Music World stores across the country.
RPG has 6 lakh sq. ft. of retail space and has registered a turnover of Rs 4.5 billion in 2006.
It is planning to venture into books retail, with the launch of its own bookstores “Books and Beyond” by the end of 2007. An IPO is also in the offering, with expansion to 450+ MusicWorld, 50+ Spencer's hyper outlets covering 4 million sq. ft. by 2010.
5. Landmark group:
Were launched in 1998 in India. Lifestyle is spread across six cities, covering 4.6 lakh sq. ft. with a turnover of Rs 3.5 billion in 2005. A new division named Lifestyle International has emerged for their international brands business comprising Bossino, Kappa and Springfield in their portfolio.
Their retail mix includes Home solutions (Home centre), fashion (lifestyle, landmark International), value retailing (max retail), hypermarkets & supermarkets (Max), kids entertainment (Funcity).
They plan to invest Rs. 300 crores in the next two years to expand on Max chain, and Rs 100 crores on Citymax 3 star hotel chain. They have already instituted a separate company christened Citymax Hotels (India).
6. Piramal Group
In September 1999, Piramal Enterprises announced their arrival into retail with the launch of three retail concepts: India's first true shopping mall of international standards, called Crossroads; a lifestyle department store named Piramyd Megastore; and a family entertainment centre known as Jammin. Piramyd Megastore and Jammin were anchor tenants for Crossroads (recently sold to Pantaloon for Rs 4 billion). In 2001, the group entered the business of food & grocery retail with the launch of TruMart supermarkets in Pune.
They have around 18 TruMart stores covering 1.90 lakh sq. ft. registering a turnover of Rs 37.6 mn in 2005. Piraymd Megatsore’s contributes more than 70 % to their retail mix with a turnover of Rs 112.8 mn. They plan to open 150 stores covering 75 mn sq ft of retail space in the next 5 years.
Subhiksha is a Chennai-based, decade old, no frills, food, grocery, pharma and telecom, discount retail chain. ICICI Venture Capital holds 24% in the equity capital of Subhiksha. It has more than 500 stores across the country covering a retail space of more than 1 million sq ft with a registered turnover of Rs 3.34 bn in 2006. It has a planned investment of Rs.300 crores to ramp up its operations to 1200 stores by 2008.
New but potential BIG players
Their plans include US$ 7 bn investment in creating retail network in the country including 100 hypermarkets and several hundred small stores. They have signed a 50:50 percent joint venture agreement with Walmart. Wal-Mart will do the cash & carry while Bharti will do the front-end.
India’s most ambitious retail plans are by reliance, with investments to the tune of Rs. 30,000 cr ($ 6.67 bn) to set up multiple formats with expected sales of Rs 90,000 crores ($20 bn) by 2009-10.
There are already more than 300 Reliance Fresh stores and the first Reliance Mart Hypermart has opened in Ahmedabad. The next ones are slated to open at Jamnagar, followed by marts in Delhi / NCR, Hyderabad, Vijaywada, Pune and Ludhiana.
10. AV Birla Group
They have a strong presence in apparel retailing through Madura garments which is subsidiary of Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd. They own brands like Louis Phillipe, Van Heusen, Allen Solly, Peter England, Trouser town.
In other segments of retail, AV Birla Group has announced investment plans of Rs 8000 - 9000 crores in the first 3 years till 2010.
The acquisition of Trinethra (food & grocery) chain in the south has moved their tally to 400 stores in the country. Their “More” range of 15 supermarkets are slated to open at Nashik, Pune and other tier II cities in Western India in 2007.
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